What Happens During a Colposcopy and Biopsy?

26 Feb , 2020

Colposcopy is a method that has been used for many years to examine a woman’s reproductive organs. It has become increasingly common among women in recent years as doctors have begun to accept it as a way to ensure proper care and diagnosis of the reproductive system. So read this article and learn what are a colposcopy and biopsy.

What’s a Colposcopy and Biopsy?

In the United States, colposcopy and biopsy are often used interchangeably, but it should be noted that the terms are not interchangeable. While both terms involve a woman’s reproductive organs, a colposcopy involves a procedure that is invasive and ultrasound can sometimes be performed to determine where the problem lies. However, a biopsy does not require any incision or intervention and it usually involves a special microscopic examination of the cells or tissues of the reproductive organs.

A biopsy procedure is used to examine a woman’s reproductive organs, but how are they done? At the beginning of the biopsy, the woman is generally given pain medication to ease the process. Then the doctor will first try to locate and remove the abnormality, such as a cancerous growth, with an incision made around the growth.

How Is It Done?

After the abnormal cells are removed, the tissue will be examined under a microscope to determine if the cells are cancerous. If they are cancerous, then the doctor will most likely send them to the pathology lab for further examination. Once the abnormal cells are confirmed to be cancerous, they will be identified through a mammogram.

How Do You Prepare?

When a woman undergoes a colposcopy and biopsy, she will most likely be asked about her previous gynecological history, including medical treatments that she received in the past and any medications she may have taken. The doctor will also want to determine if there are any other health conditions that may be affecting her reproductive organs. The doctor will also be able to examine the internal reproductive organs using a light source during the examination.

During a colposcopy and biopsy, the doctor can look for tumors, lumps, and masses, which are areas of enlarged or tenderness that may be present on a woman’s reproductive organs. If the problem is diagnosed as cancer, the doctor will perform a procedure known as a perineal ablation to kill the cancerous cells before the woman gets pregnant. After this procedure, a special instrument called a colposcopy is used to examine the whole of the reproductive organs, which is the cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.

After Care

After the examination, the doctor will decide if the problem will need to be treated with radiation or chemotherapy, which are two methods that can be used to treat different types of cancer. In the case of cancerous cells that are benign, the doctor may suggest that the woman use hormone therapy to prevent further growth. Once the condition is proven to be cancerous, colposcopy and biopsy are performed in order to determine the proper treatment.

Colposcopy and biopsy procedures can be quite involved and patients should know the details of the procedure and what it means before they ever step into the exam room. Often, the physician will recommend that a patient should receive counseling prior to the procedure to understand the procedure and what it means.

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